Efimov PhysicsFeshbach ResonancesFew-body physicsTheoretical Tools

Paper accepted on Efimov physics

Our work on three-body bound Efimov states close to Feshbach resonances with finite background scattering lengths has been accepted in Phys. Rev. A. The work was done in collaboration with Wilhelm Zwerger and Christian Langmack (TU Munich). You can find the preprint here: https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.00749

In this work we calculate the spectrum of three-body Efimov bound states near a Feshbach resonance within a model which accounts both for the finite range of interactions and the presence of background scattering. The latter may be due to direct interactions in an open channel  or a second overlapping Feshbach resonance. It is found that background scattering gives rise to substantial changes in the trimer spectrum as a function of the detuning away from a Feshbach resonance, in particular in the regime where the background channel supports Efimov states on its own. Compared to the situation with negligible background  scattering, the regime where van der Waals universality applies is shifted to larger values of the resonance strength if the background scattering length is positive. For negative background scattering lengths, in turn, van der Waals universality extends to even small values of the resonance strength parameter, consistent with experimental results on Efimov states in Potassium 39. Within a simple model, we show that short-range three-body forces do not affect van der Waals universality significantly. Repulsive three-body  forces may, however, explain the observed variation between around -8 and -10 of the ratio between the scattering length where the first Efimov trimer appears and the van der Waals length.